Bridge Loading, Analysis and Design

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This one day classroom course covers bridge loading, analysis and design. Emphasis is given to the following objectives, that inherently include design for longevity and sustainability of bridges:

Loading of bridges
Type of actions. Primary and secondary traffic loads for highway, railway and footbridges. Dynamic behaviour. Temperature and shrinkage effects. Application of the actions to get the most unfavourable action effects. Combination of actions. Partial safety factors for various serviceability and ultimate limit states.

Analysis of bridge decks
Types of bridge decks and their behaviour. Analysis for square and skew decks, isolated and integral bridges. Load distribution methods. Use of influence lines and hand based methods for analysis. Global analysis using grillage and FEM (finite element methods). Local analysis.

Basic design principles will be covered, based on the fundamental concepts of prestressing, the materials, the anchorages and splices of tendons, the significance of bond, the degree of prestressing and the losses. Design is in accordance with the current Eurocode 2 standards, but is also complemented with state-of-the-art knowledge. Economy and aesthetics are also discussed.

Examples of load applications to current design codes and standards. Analysis of bridge decks using various hand based, and computer based methods. Use of computer software packages to analyse bridge behaviour.


Training courses on set dates, in ICE Training venues across the country. Suitable for those looking to attend a training course and share knowledge and practical experiences with like-minded others in an interactive learning environment.


Bespoke training programmes. These are delivered by our tutors at a time, in a location and based on a curriculum completely tailored to your needs. Ideal for organisations that have several employees wishing to take training in the same subject area, and/or have organisation-specific ideas for learning and development.

Programme Overview
This training course starts at 09:30 and finishes at 17:00 with refreshment breaks midmorning and afternoon, plus lunch. All timings, except the start time, are approximate and may be adjusted to suit natural breaks in the lesson.

Session 1 - Introduction: Loads of Highway Bridges
Session 2 - Traffic loads of railway and footbridges
Session 3 - Dynamic loads and response of bridges - Seismic loads
Session 4 - Temperature and shrinkage effects
Session 5 - Global analysis
Session 6 - Local effects
Session 7 - Skew and integral bridges
Session 8 - Design - Serviceability Limit State
Session 9 - Design - Ultimate Limit State
Session 10 - Construction Methods and Examples

The course also includes a 30 minute test.

Dr Stergios Mitoulis

Dr Stergios Mitoulis graduated with a 5-year Diploma in Structural Engineering in 2002. He subsequently received an MSc in Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures in 2003 and PhD on Bridge Engineering in 2008 with distinction. He continued with a 2-year postdoctoral research fully funded by the Research Excellence Framework. He has authored a total of 19 journal papers and more than 40 conference papers and three book chapters on bridge engineering and isolation devices.

Dr Mitoulis has worked as a research assistant for funded research projects. In the framework of a three-year research project. Dr Mitoulis has worked with industrial partners to certify and design elastomeric products/isolators and to develop software for use of elastomeric bearings in bridges. The research projects were founded by the European commission, the Greek Government and Egnatia Highway SA. He worked as an adjunct Assistant Professor for 10 institutions and taught modules including bridge engineering, reinforced and prestressed concrete design, statics, strength of materials and earthquake engineering.

Dr Mitoulis is an EU Chartered Civil Engineer and he has gained design experience developing projects for reinforced concrete structures including new buildings, a pedestrian bridge, assessment, retrofitting and strengthening of R/C structures and bridges. He is a member of the UK’s Eurocode 8 Mirror Group for bridges, member of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE), member of the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE) and fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Learning Objectives
By the end of this course delegates should have an:
  • Understanding of available bridge construction
  • Understanding of the type and representation of actions (models), pertinent to bridge structures and methods to quantify these for the analysis of bridges
  • Understanding of the methods of analysis used to determine the action effects, stress resultants and displacements, in a range of bridge superstructures
  • Understanding of the principles of prestressed concrete as applied to bridges.
  • Understanding of the load balancing method
  • Understanding of the section analysis used to determine the serviceability stress and deflection behaviour of prestressed concrete and the ultimate strength of bridge superstructures.
  • Understanding of the allowable concrete stresses, losses, reactions methods
  • Understanding of the designer’s principal duties in relation to the design of prestressed bridges
Who Should Attend?
This course is suitable for:
  • Civil Engineers
  • Bridge Engineers
  • Structural Engineers
  • All those who are looking to improve their bridge analysis skill
  • Specialist Consultants
  • Specialist Contractors

Copyright © 2014 Thomas Telford Ltd. All rights reserved. Registered company in England and Wales No. 2556636

Institution of Civil Engineers Thomas Telford

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